A New Dangerous Stage of the Colonial Plunder of Puerto Rico

Posted by 2018 article


"goods taken from an enemy, etc.," 1788, Anglo-Indian, from Hindi lut , from Sanskrit loptram , lotram "booty, stolen property," from PIE *roup-tro- , from root *reup- "to snatch" (see rip (v.)). The verb is first attested 1821, from the noun. Related: Looted ; looting .

"goods taken from an enemy, etc.," 1788, Anglo-Indian, from Hindi lut , from Sanskrit loptram , lotram "booty, stolen property," from PIE *roup-tro- , from root *reup- "to snatch" (see rip (v.)). The verb is first attested 1821, from the noun. Related: Looted ; looting .

A spanking machine is a machine built to administer a spanking . Many such machines have been portrayed in fictional stories and spanking drawings since the 19th century. Since the early 21st century, actual working spanking machines have been built and offered for sale, largely to a very specialized BDSM market.

The idea of a machine for punishment seems to be an enduring one, but unlike such mechanical devices for capital punishment as the Guillotine , the electric chair , and the gas chamber , a spanking machine has never entered mainstream use.

Most conceptions of a spanking machine involved rotating wheels with paddles , flexible paddles, straps , or switches attached. Other versions involved spring-loaded arms or levers, with a paddle or strap attached, that are drawn back against the pull of the spring, and then released to strike the target, usually the buttocks of the delinquent . Some versions combined these two approaches, with a peg on a rotating wheel serving to draw back a spring-loaded arm, as in the image on the right.

mid-13c., from a Scandinavian source akin to Old Norse rannsaka "to pillage," literally "search the house" (especially legally, for stolen goods), from rann "house," from Proto-Germanic *rasnan (c.f. Gothic razn , Old English ærn "house;" see barn ) + saka "to search," related to Old Norse soekja "seek" (see seek ). Sense influenced by sack (v.). Related: Ransacked ; ransacking .

Some scholars, such as Jared Diamond , believe that while the Spanish conquest was undoubtedly the proximate cause of the collapse of the Inca Empire, it may very well have been past its peak and already in the process of decline. In 1528, Emperor Huayna Capac ruled the Inca Empire. He could trace his lineage back to a "stranger king" named Manco Cápac , the mythical founder of the Inca clan, [6] : 144 who according to tradition emerged from a cave in a region called Pacariqtambo .

Huayna Capac was the son of the previous ruler, Túpac Inca , and the grandson of Pachacuti , the Emperor who, by conquest, had commenced the dramatic expansion of the Inca Empire from its cultural and traditional base in the area around Cuzco . On his accession to the throne, Huayna Capac had continued the policy of expansion by conquest, taking Inca armies north into what is today Ecuador . [6] : 98 While he had to put down a number of rebellions during his reign, by the time of his death, his legitimacy was as unquestioned as was the primacy of Inca power.

However, expansion had resulted in its own problems. Many parts of the empire maintained distinctive cultures and these were at best resistive participants in the imperial project. The large extent of the empire, the extremely difficult terrain of much of it, and the fact that all communication and travel had to take place on foot or by boat, seems to have caused increasing difficulty in the Incas' effective administration of the empire.

"goods taken from an enemy, etc.," 1788, Anglo-Indian, from Hindi lut , from Sanskrit loptram , lotram "booty, stolen property," from PIE *roup-tro- , from root *reup- "to snatch" (see rip (v.)). The verb is first attested 1821, from the noun. Related: Looted ; looting .

A spanking machine is a machine built to administer a spanking . Many such machines have been portrayed in fictional stories and spanking drawings since the 19th century. Since the early 21st century, actual working spanking machines have been built and offered for sale, largely to a very specialized BDSM market.

The idea of a machine for punishment seems to be an enduring one, but unlike such mechanical devices for capital punishment as the Guillotine , the electric chair , and the gas chamber , a spanking machine has never entered mainstream use.

Most conceptions of a spanking machine involved rotating wheels with paddles , flexible paddles, straps , or switches attached. Other versions involved spring-loaded arms or levers, with a paddle or strap attached, that are drawn back against the pull of the spring, and then released to strike the target, usually the buttocks of the delinquent . Some versions combined these two approaches, with a peg on a rotating wheel serving to draw back a spring-loaded arm, as in the image on the right.

"goods taken from an enemy, etc.," 1788, Anglo-Indian, from Hindi lut , from Sanskrit loptram , lotram "booty, stolen property," from PIE *roup-tro- , from root *reup- "to snatch" (see rip (v.)). The verb is first attested 1821, from the noun. Related: Looted ; looting .

A spanking machine is a machine built to administer a spanking . Many such machines have been portrayed in fictional stories and spanking drawings since the 19th century. Since the early 21st century, actual working spanking machines have been built and offered for sale, largely to a very specialized BDSM market.

The idea of a machine for punishment seems to be an enduring one, but unlike such mechanical devices for capital punishment as the Guillotine , the electric chair , and the gas chamber , a spanking machine has never entered mainstream use.

Most conceptions of a spanking machine involved rotating wheels with paddles , flexible paddles, straps , or switches attached. Other versions involved spring-loaded arms or levers, with a paddle or strap attached, that are drawn back against the pull of the spring, and then released to strike the target, usually the buttocks of the delinquent . Some versions combined these two approaches, with a peg on a rotating wheel serving to draw back a spring-loaded arm, as in the image on the right.

mid-13c., from a Scandinavian source akin to Old Norse rannsaka "to pillage," literally "search the house" (especially legally, for stolen goods), from rann "house," from Proto-Germanic *rasnan (c.f. Gothic razn , Old English ærn "house;" see barn ) + saka "to search," related to Old Norse soekja "seek" (see seek ). Sense influenced by sack (v.). Related: Ransacked ; ransacking .



Free links

Posted by 2018 The Plunder: The 1898 Anti-Jewish Riots in Habsburg.

Daniel Unowsky - Department of History - University of Memphis

Posted by 2018 article

51Lry4tOtdL